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Afar

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The Regional State of Afar


The Regional State of Afar consists of 5 administrative zones, 32 Woredas and 28 towns.  Afar is the origin of human species, where a 4.4 million years old humanoid is recently discovered.


CAPITAL CITY


The capital city of the state of Afar is semera


LOCATION


Afar is located in the north eastern part of Ethiopia.it has a latitude and longitude of 39 14 & 42 28N and 8 49&14 30 East.


AREA


The State of Afar has got an estimated area of 96,256 square kilometers.


POPULATION


The total population of the region is estimated 1411902 and 86.6%of the population lives in the rural areas.


Regardig religion 96% of the population are Muslim, 3.86% Orthodox Christians, 0.43%Protestants, 0.09% Catholics and others constitute 0.02%.


The Afarigna language is predominantly (90.8%) spoken in the region. It is also the working language of the state. Other major languages spoken in the state includes Amharic 6.68%, Tigrigna 0.74%, Oromifa 0.68%, Argobigna 0.4% and Wolaitigna 0.26%.


MAJOR ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES


90% the state's population is leading a pastoral life by rearing camels, cattle, goats and sheep . Agriculture such as production of maize, beans, sorghum, papaya, banana, and orange is also practiced. Cotton&suger  production is also typical to the region. Commerce;  particularly, salt, is another area of occupation.


TOPOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE


The state is found in the rift valley. Most of the region is flat land. The altitude of the region ranges from  116 meter below sea level (where one of the highest temperatures [50°C] on earth has been recorded) to 1600 meters above sea level.  The highest peak, mount Mussa-Alle is just 2063 meters above sea level. The temperature of Afar varies from 25°C during the rainy season (September-March) to 48°C during the dry season (March-September). The average annual rainfall registered for 11 years at Dubti station was 187.9mm.


RIVERS AND LAKES


The Awash river, Mille and Logia which are tributaries of the Awash river traverse the region.  Abbe , Afambo and Gemeri lakes which are connected to the last section of the river Awash, are found in the region. They form an important habitat for river and lake Fauna.


MINERALS


Salt, Potash, Sulfur, Manganese, Bentonite, Aluminium, Marble, Gypsum and Petroleum are possible major resources of the region. Tendaho geothermal energy is the most promising power source for electricity. The state has also a plausible source for solar energy.


TOURISM AND HERITAGE


Awash & Yagundi-Ras national park and the Dallol depression are expressions of Ethiopia's desert beauty. Some of the attractions of this game reserve include Abyssinian wild ass, Grevy's zebra, beisa oryx, crocodiles, lions, grater kudu, wild (bat eared) fox, wild cat, cheetah, Grant's gazelle, and warthog. Besides, Hadar, where a 4.4 million years old humanoid is recently discovered is found in this state.


INVESTMENT


The major investment opportunity of the region is;-


Animal production


Agriculture


Hotel and tourism


Mining


Industry


Agro industry



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